In Bangladesh, one-sixth of the population still lives in extreme poverty and the country has one of the highest rates of malnutrition in the world. Parts of the country are highly vulnerable to weather conditions, like salt-affected tidal surge in the south and flash-flood and drought in the north, creating challenging environments for farming. Agricultural production is highly vulnerable to weather conditions and productivity is low, in part because available mainstream technology and agronomic practice are not adapted to field conditions. Nearly three-quarters of the country’s population and 85% of the poor people live and earn their livelihood in these rural areas, where farmers cultivate only one rice crop per year in tidal surge and flash-flood prone areas. All these factors affect the income and productivity of crop, fish, and livestock farmers.
The Integrated Agricultural Productivity Project (IAPP) focused on introducing various climate-smart agricultural technologies, agronomic practices, and the adoption of crop varieties and production technology packages better suited for evolving climatic and environmental conditions in target areas. The project provided training and technical assistance to smallholder farmers, empowered local rural communities to increase productivity of crops, livestock and fisheries, and created on-farm and off-farm jobs and agricultural entrepreneurship opportunities that, in turn, have generated rural jobs. The project worked directly with farming communities and partners from civil society organizations, academic institutions, and multilateral agencies to build knowledge and skills on new varieties of crops and fishes, modern production technologies and farming practices, promote environmentally friendly water use systems, and link farmers to markets.
- Climate Change
- Inclusive Business
Supervising entityWorld Bank & FAO
250,829 farmers benefited from the project, approximately 25% of which were women. Productivity improved for 152,000 crop farmers, 33% of which were women; 48,177 fisherfolk, 28% of which were women; and 50,652 livestock farmers, 89% of which were women.
Rice production yield increased to 2,684 kilograms/hectare from a baseline figure of 2,200 kilograms/hectare; fish production increased more than 50%, exceeding the project target of a 26% increase; and milk production increased by 0.15 liters per cow per day.
Improved water management increased the efficiency of water use, enabling farmers to increase cropping intensity, diversify production systems, and reduce irrigation related risks and variability in crop production. A total of 605 Water User groups (WUGs), benefiting a total of 51,690 farmers, were formed. About 27,750 hectares have improved irrigation. There was a 49% reduction in water losses.
Mr. Manievel (Emmanuel) Sene
Task Team Leader & Senior Agricultural Specialist
Based in Dhaka
Mr. Benoist Veillerette
Task Team Leader & Senior Economist
Benoist.Veillerette@fao.org, +39 06 5705 5408
Based at FAO Headquarters, Rome, Italy
Mr. Mike Robson
Bangladesh Country Representative for FAO
Photo: Kimberly Parent
Official Project Documents:
- World Bank Implementation Completion and Results Report (2017)
- IEG Implementation Completion Report Review (2017)
- World Bank Project Appraisal Document - June 2011
- FAO Technical Assistance and Capacity Development Document
- GAFSP Proposal and Cover Letter with Endorsements
- Agriculture and Food Strategy
- Sector Investment Plan: Country Investment Plan and background documents (Bangladesh CIP: A Road Map Towards Investment in Agriculture, Food Security and Nutrition, Annex 1, Annex 2, and Annex 3)
- Technical Peer Review Document